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Why Have Jewelries?


Jewelry or jewellery is derived from the word jewel, which was anglicized from the Old French “jouel”. In French and a few other European languages, it has the equivalent term of “joaillerie”. It consists of small decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets. It may be attached to the body or the clothes, and the term is restricted to durable ornaments, excluding flowers for example.

Jewelry may be made from a wide range of materials. Gemstones and similar materials such as amber and coral, precious metals, beads, and shells have been widely used, and enamel has often been important. In most cultures, jewelry can be understood as a status of symbols. It has been made to adorn nearly every body part.

As to creation of jewelries, gemstones, coins, or other precious items are often used. They are typically set into precious metals.

Beads are frequently used in jewelries. These may be made of glass, gemstones, metal, wood, shells, clay and polymer clay. Beaded jewelries commonly encompasses necklaces, bracelets, earrings, belts and rings. Beads could either be large or small. The smallest type of beads used for such are known as seed beads. These are the beads used for the “woven” style of beaded jewellery.

Other commonly used materials include glass, such as fused-glass or enamel, wood -often carved or turned and shells. Other natural animal substances such as bone and ivory, natural clay, polymer clay, hemp and other twines likewise have been used as well to create jewelries that has more of a natural feel.

Modern fine jewelries usually includes gold, white gold, platinum, palladium, titanium, or silver. Most contemporary gold jewelries are made of an alloy of gold, the purity of which is stated in karats, indicated by a number followed by the letter K.

Jewelries and its distinctive designs are crafted through silversmiths, goldsmiths, and lapidaries methods which include forging, casting, soldering or welding, cutting, carving and cold-joining or the used of adhesives, staples and rivets to assemble parts.

Individuals have used jewelries for a number of different reasons. It could such be functional, generally to fix clothing or hair in place; to tell the time (in the case of watches); to serve as a marker of social status and personal status, as with a wedding ring; as a signifier of some form of affiliation, whether ethnic, religious or social; to provide talismanic protection (in the form of amulets); as an artistic display; or to mark for social status, accomplishment, personal statement and/or investment.

Unlike before, acquiring jewelries is no longer a hustle and bustle. Today, great deals and offers can be viewed online. You can have them instantly as long as you want. For pendants and necklaces for firefighters in sterling silver, white gold and yellow gold, Joy Jewelers firefighter pendants have a lot of offer.

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Abraham Lincoln Never Quits


“A quitter never win. A winner never quit.” Indubitably this is true. This is what have been proven in the life of President Abraham Lincoln. Born into poverty, Lincoln was faced with defeat throughout his life. He lost eight elections, twice failed in business and suffered a nervous breakdown. But why he became one of the greatest President of the United States of America? Because he learned a lot from his experiences. Most importantly, he never give up. He never quit.

This is the sketch of his road to the White House.

In 1816, his family was forced out of their home. He had to work to support them. In 1818, his mother died.

In 1831, he venture into business. But he failed.

In 1832, he ran for state legislature. However he was lost. In the same year, he also lost his job. He wanted to go law school but he could not get in.

In 1833, he borrowed some money from a friend to begin a business. Eventually by the end of the year he was bankrupt. He spent the next 17 years of his life paying off this debt.

In 1834, he ran for state legislature again. He won.

In the following year, 1835, he was engaged to be married. But his sweetheart died and his heart was broken. In 1836, he had a total nervous breakdown and was in bed for six months.

In 1838, he sought to become a speaker of the state legislature. But he was defeated.

In 1840, he sought to become elector. Again, defeated.

In 1843, he ran for Congress. But he lost. Three years after, in 1846, he ran for Congress again. This time he won. He went to Washington and did a good job.

In 1848, he ran for re-election to Congress. But he lost.

In 1849, he sought the job of land officer in his home state but he was rejected.

In 1854, he ran for Senate of the United States. He lost.

In 1856, he sought the Vice-Presidential nomination at his party’s national convention. Yet, he just get less than 100 votes.

In 1858, he ran for U.S. Senate again. Again he lost.

And in the year 1860, he was elected as President of the United States of America.

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The Difference Between Maple and Rosewood Fingerboard

The fingerboard, also known as a fretboard on fretted instruments, is an important component of most stringed instruments. It is a thin, long strip of material, usually wood, that is laminated to the front of the neck of an instrument. To play the instrument, a musician presses strings down to the fingerboard to change the vibrating length, changing the pitch.

The word “fingerboard” in other languages sometimes occurs in musical directions. In Italian it is called either manico or tasto, the latter especially in the phrase sul tasto, a direction for bowed string instruments to play with the bow above the fingerboard.

Conversely, the difference between maple and rosewood fingerboard is that maple is similar to ebony in that it produces a well-defined, crisp and bright sound. It is a very dense, strong wood which is more often than not found on fender guitars.

However unlike ebony and rosewood, maple does require a finish.  This means that any maple fingerboard which has received a glossy finish can feel a little too sticky for some players. Further problem with maple is that due to its light color, it does tend to take on a dirty appearance especially after years of finger oils and grime working on their way into the wood.

Maple fretboards are generally favored by players who wish for a well-defined top end, or for use in giving a warm sounding guitar a brighter tone.

Moreover, maple is slighty faster and more comfortable to play. Mainly because of their denser grain. With a denser grain also comes a tone that is slightly more prone to the treble sounds. On the other hand, rosewood has been traditionally associated with warmer sound. Though maple is slightly faster but not so much. Technically, a player should not let the speed of the fretboard influence him much. A good characteristic tone and comfort in playing should be tops in his choice.

Rosewood is the most common fretboard wood that you are likely to find on a guitar.  It is a naturally oily wood which results in a richer fundamental tone than maple due to the unwanted overtones being absorbed into the oily pores.  The oily nature of rosewood also means that it does not require a finish which many players prefer due to the naturally slick feel.

While ebony and maple are famed for their brighter, crisper tones, rosewood is known for its rich, warm tones with less high end attack.

Rosewood fretboards are generally favored by players who are looking for a warm sound, or by those who wish to tame the harsh highs on a bright sounding guitar.

When the tonal difference is unapparent to your ears, then go with whichever you find either the most aesthetically pleasing, or which feels the best to you.  Besides, most of your tone comes from the fingers right?

For rosewood-fingerboard-electric-guitar, here’s what hsh offers.

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What is Concept Learning?

A concept is an idea or generalization which is derived from a number of related particular examples. It also refers to the way knowledge and experiences are sorted out to form a specific class.

The ultimate goal in concept teaching is to let learners categorize ideas, experiences and objects.

Concept learning is essentially sorting out and putting things into a specific class. It is based on the assumption that concept formation begins at an early stage when children at 9 and 12 months of age start with object-sorting and object-preference behavior. Such initial activity leads to classifying and generalizing which serve as bases for concept learning.

There are three identified distinct modes of learning. They are learning by doing called enactive mode, learning by forming mental images called iconic mode, and learning through a series of abstract symbols called symbolic mode. As children grow older, theoretically they depend less and less on the first mode of learning and advance to the next two.

The presentation of the concept can be done in two ways such as Expository or Rule-to-Example Method and Interrogatory or the Example-to-Rule Method. The former ensues when the teacher defines the concept for the students and then provides them examples to reinforce their understanding. This is also referred to as deductive way of presenting a lesson- from general to particular examples. For example, Vertebrates are animals with backbone. The latter is done when the examples are given first and the students discover the concept themselves through the process of logical reasoning. This method is also termed as inductive method of presenting a lesson. For example, fish, birds and dogs, upon examination, were found out to possess backbone or vertebrate column, hence they belong a group called vertebrates.

There are two approaches in concept teaching. They are Direct Presentation Approach and Concept Attainment Approach. The first one uses the rule-to-example method or the deductive method. For example: Oxygen is needed by all living things. Trees are living things, hence need oxygen. The other one assist learners to arrive at a concept using the example-to-rule method or the inductive method. For example: Organisms can emit their own light. Fireflies produce light. Certain fishes are light producers. Said organisms exhibit bioluminescence.

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The Convenience of Furniture Drawers


For some, cabinetry or furniture is an investment, or perhaps even a future family heirloom. Hence, some households accrue to furniture drawers with special features such as easy to close slides, touch release, push-to-open, self-closing, two-way travel, pocket door slides, lifts, anti-tilt, and many others.

Drawers are found in the furnitures like chest of drawers (also called dressers or bureaus for clothes), tool chests (drawers used to store tools), filing cabinets, desks and nightstands.

There are wooden drawers designed by which the front face is complete and the end grain from the side pieces does not show. This type of drawer, the corners may be dovetailed for additional strength or of aesthetics, and a half-blind dovetail joint may be used for the front corners to hide the joint. If one would like to attach the bottom piece of the drawer, a groove may be cut in the four vertical pieces to insert the bottom of the drawer.

Drawers can be built in a variety of manners using a variety of materials. Wood and various wood composites, plastic, and sheet metal are common materials used for drawers and the furniture thereof.

Drawer slides often have a mechanism to keep the drawer from accidentally being pulled fully from its enclosure. While some drawers incorporate a locking mechanism to secure the drawer. This is commonly found in desk drawers and filing cabinet.

Soft close drawer slides are ideal for cabinetry, furniture and other woodworking projects. It is a perfect general purpose slide for most household applications where you want the luxury feel of soft, slow closing drawer slides. The rails are made from cold rolled steel, in zinc, and have precision steel ball bearings. A quick release lever allows the drawer to be removed without unscrewing it. This type of drawer is conveniently offered by fulterer soft close drawer slides.

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First Vita Plus, The Story That Transform The Lives of Millions


I purposely write this article in order to share the worldwide community that there were these health products existed whom I lately discovered, which I fully believed, based on my research, testimonies of users, personal experience, and trainings that I attended, that can change the lives of millions of people, on their HEALTH CONDITIONS and FINANCIAL SITUATIONS.

I am the author of this website. And some of the articles posted herein were written by a Guidance Counselor in the Department of Education, a Cum Laude graduate after obtaining a degree of A.B. Psychology, and is now almost completed with her Master’s Degree in Guidance and Counseling, who is my wife.

I conferred the degree of A.B. Political Science and had graduated as Magna Cum Laude. Thereafter my graduation in College, I worked in the Department of Justice (DOJ) in the City and subsequently in the Regional Office. While working in DOJ, I finished my Master’s Degree in Public Administration and pursue my study in the College of Law until I reached in the third (3rd) year. For more than six (6) years of my affiliation therein, I learned a lot. Until such time that I opt to work in a Mining Company who happens to be the largest mining company in Asia in 1980’s. I worked therein as a Policies and Procedures Officer which has an equivalent rank of Unit Manager. However, several months of working thereof, I decided to resign due to health reasons. There were so many health problems that I suffered at that time. And I believed it was because of stress from work, environment and the food that I ate. Hence I thought, in order to settle my health problems once and for all, I must take a rest. Why should I compromise my health? Health is wealth. I also told to myself, if I would not take care of my body, I will die early. It is a matter of fact that in every job or work that we undertake in different fields, we only have one resource, that is, our body and mind. Nothing can be produce and become possible, if these become incapable. Therefrom, I was hired as an Investigator under the Security Department in one large Mining Company Contractor in which I stop few months from working due to, which I believed, corporate politics.

Consequent thereto, I teach in College but only as Part-time. Even at present. I handle different subjects in the undergraduate school, particularly in business administration, and few subjects in the graduate school.

While teaching, I became a trainee for the position of Local Government Legislative Secretary in one Local Government Unit. It has a good compensation. But I can assume the position in the event that the incumbent Secretary who few months from now will retire. But recently, I just decline and turn over the position to others who are qualified. It was a tough decision for me, considering the trust of the Mayor and the Vice-Mayor, Legislative Councilors, and other Department Heads, plus the different trainings and seminars that I attended in support. The reason? I firmly believed that it is more worthy if I will devote my time working with First Vita Plus. The short story hereunder explains why.

Sometime in the last week of September 2015, three (3) young strangers arrived in the office. They asked for permission allowing them to present something to some of my co-employees in the Session Hall. I did not bother to attend and listen to them because I was not interested. Besides, they were still young. They lack experience, learning and financial capacity. Why should I believe? With the experience and credentials that I have? I am not judgmental.  It is just the reality. So I just ignored. After two (2) hours of their talk, more or less, our staff called me and teased, “Sir please come and listen. This portion is favorable for you because you don’t have a yet a baby. You want a baby Sir? This is now the time”. “Really?”, I answered. “Well let me see”. So I joined them and made a joke as the talk goes by. (By the way, I have been married for four (4) years already). Then I listened.

To cut the story short, I was convinced of their talk for the products that they presented, but only 30%. Because I am a man who cannot be easily convinced absence of any proof or evidence. There has to be precedence. Aside from that, I haven’t tried the products yet. I already heard these products before but why should I be instigated to entertain?

Because of my 30% curiosity and interest to join them, I made a research on which I am good at. What I found out, out of my research had augment my understanding more with First Vita Plus. My interest to join them and the Company, and the belief of how effective the products are, turns 50%. To fill my gaps of curiosity, I attended their trainings. My interest and belief of the products becomes 70%. But you know what was totally AMAZING? It was during the time when I personally test and use the product. My BELIEF on how effective the products were becomes 100%.  In addition, their marketing plan was very well studied. I shake my head, wow, WHEN YOU JOIN THE COMPANY AND USE THE PRODUCT/S, YOU WILL BECOME EMPOWER!


Whether the reader would either believe me or not, it doesn’t matter. These products have already changed my life and millions of people. So many testimonies of those who suffered benign and malignant diseases and illnesses attesting that they were healed. INITIAL FINDINGS SHOWS GUYABANO EXTRACTS APPEAR TO KILL CANCER CELLS WHILE LEAVING NORMAL CELLS REMAIN UNAFFACTED which in the first place, I cannot believe. But so many users suffering from this type of disease can attest that they were eventually healed in the process. I, myself, can also attest when I use and intake the product personally. No overdosage, no side effects. It’s a vegetable in a drink. But very powerful. Plus, the Company has already created thousands of Millionaires and Multi-Millionaires which few months from now, I believed, I will be part of the list.

Thanks a lot to the Lord God Almighty. Thanks a lot to the Company.

(The next article will probably answer some of your questions. It will discuss the reasons why the aforementioned products are trusted by millions already and how effective First Vita Plus powder drinks are. But the most exciting one is the marketing plan. Why it has transform ordinary people into millionaires. If you have questions, feel free to e-mail at

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The Origin of Bass Guitar


Bass is more than just a guitar with two fewer strings. It has a different tone, scale length, feel and musical role, and in many cases it requires a different conceptual and technical approach.

However, there is so much more that can be done with the bass guitar.

The origin of bass guitar can be traced back in 1920’s. Lloyd Loar, designed the first electric double bass. The bass used an electro-static pickup, but amplification of bass frequencies was as yet undeveloped, so there was no practical way of hearing the instrument.

In the early 1930’s, Paul Tutmarc became the first known individual to refine the double bass to a more practical size. The first prototype was about the size of a cello, and featured a rudimentary pickup, but this was found to be too heavy, and the design was refined to be more like a guitar. This new bass was 42 inches long, solid body, made of black walnut and piano strings and, like the previous, featuring a pickup.

In the mid ’30s, several established musical instrument firms began marketing experimental electric basses that were prototype bass, much less bulky than a standard double bass. However, these were all still tall, unfretted, upright instruments held in the standard vertical position.

There was very little progression of the bass guitar until Leo Fender famously created the Precision bass in 1951. This was named the Precision bass as the frets on the instrument allowed the notes to be played with precision. This was, to many people, the first real electric bass, as it was the most mass-produced and recognisable bass guitar at that time, and still is. Its design is the most copied in bass guitar history. In 1957, the pickup was changed to be a split pickup, and the pickguard and headstock were redesigned.

In 1965 came the first fretless Bass Aubi from Ampeg and in 1968, there appeared an 8 string bass from Hagstroem. The first fretless 6 string, (later owned by Les Claypool) was built by Carl Thompson in 1978. Because of playing styles like Slap and Pop, the variable number of strings and the different combinations of woods, necks, etc. pickups had to become much more varied. EMG pickups became widely used on bass guitars.

Nowadays, bass has further increased in popularity due to bassists like Les Claypool (Primus) and Flea (Red Hot Chili Peppers), who have shown the importance of bass in modern music. Unfortunately, the double bass declined in popularity, as it is unable to compete with the compact size and versatility of the electric bass guitar. Now, when somebody talks about a bass, the mind instantly jumps to an image of an electric bass guitar, rather than its predecessor, the acoustic upright.

In playing bass guitar, more often than not, it requires that you exercise restraint and subtlety rather than showcase your technique and slick moves. In many situations, it’s best to work mostly with the root notes of the chords and lock in with the drummer’s kick and snare drums.

In a rhythm section, part of the bass guitar’s role is to function as a liaison between the drums and the rest of the band. In most cases you want to make the bass and drums sound like one entity, and a great way to do this is to craft bass lines that fit like a glove with the drummer’s kick and snare drums. Using octave root notes is often an excellent way to do this, the low octave corresponding to the kick drum and the high octave hitting with the snare, typically on beats two and four, which are also known as the backbeats.

For bass guitars built for the long haul, here can offer a variety of choices

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Back To School: Are Teachers Ever Eligible For Overtime? (Guest Blog)

It’s that time of the year again when teachers, students, and administrators return to school. Students eagerly await standardized tests, teachers look forward to discussing with parents why their child got a B instead of an A, and administrators debate how to spend their bountiful budgets on high-tech learning equipment. I really hope the sarcasm was caught there.

Today, more and more teachers are putting in extra hours to ensure that their students are learning. Many are also putting some of their own money towards school supplies because the school simply cannot afford them. With so much hard work and their own money put in, it makes you wonder if teachers are eligible for overtime pay.

Are Teachers Eligible?

Unfortunately, teachers are not eligible for overtime pay. Despite the experience a teacher has, the level at which they teach at, or how many hours they put in, teachers cannot earn overtime pay. Now this can obviously have mixed reactions. On one hand, if you put in an inordinate amount of working hours, you should be compensated for your time. However, many people will argue that teachers get summer breaks which helps to even out the hours. In the end your stance is somewhat irrelevant due to the Fair Labor Standards Act ruling on overtime eligibility.

Why Aren’t Teachers Eligible?

So why aren’t teachers eligible for overtime? The FLSA has strict rulings on what workers are eligible and not eligible to earn overtime pay. To start off, earning overtime requires an employee to work in excess of forty hours in one work week. This has nothing to do with the amount of hours worked in one day or if the hours worked were during nights or weekends. You simply have to exceed forty hours worked in the workweek. The hours worked in excess are paid out at one and a half times your normal pay rate. So if you have worked 45 hours this week and your normal pay rate is $10 per hour, you will earn $15 for five of those hours.

So in that sense, a teacher can still qualify for overtime. The law doesn’t state that you have to average over forty hours per week in the year or exceed 2,080 hours worked in the year. So the next qualifying factor is the overall salary earned.

One misconception is that only workers paid on an hourly basis are eligible for overtime. Likewise, another misconception is that if you work on an hourly basis you are guaranteed eligibility for overtime. Both of these statements are actually false. While the vast majority of overtime eligible employees work on an hourly basis, that does not determine eligibility versus exemption.

Even some salaried workers can be eligible for overtime. One requirement of a salaried worker being eligible for overtime is how much they earn. The current threshold for salaried workers is at $466 per week or $23,660 annually. It is a well known fact that this is not much, especially if it is going towards supporting a family. In fact, for a family of four, this income is below the poverty line. So as it currently stands, we would not provide overtime to an impoverished family despite how many hours they work as long as their salary is a dollar over that threshold.

This threshold has been intact for long time and hasn’t been raised to account for inflation in decades. Luckily, that is all changing according to recent statements by President Obama. The threshold will increase to $50,440 which is a healthy jump. This would cover about 40% of salaried works, greatly helping out those who are currently earning a salary that exempts them from overtime.

Unfortunately for teachers, this still won’t make them eligible for overtime. The main reason is that they are automatically exempt based on their job function. The FLSA’s ruling on overtime creates exemptions for a handful of professions and job duties. The jury is still out on a number of white collar exemptions which are classified as executive, administrative, and professional. However, the automatic exemptions for lawyers, doctors, judges, and teachers remain. They are considered “traditional learned professions” which makes them ineligible from overtime. This professional exempt work is categorized as work that prominently requires intellectual, specialized education and involves the exercise of discretion and judgement.

About the author:

Andrew Fujii is a marketing professional with expertise in digital/web and content marketing. He is also a copywriter for multiple agencies and a contributes to the Vethan Law Firm blog.


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Educational Puzzles


Developing your skills and abilities will be much easier if it is accompanied with fun-filled activities where you enjoy what you do. In this 1423423163364-P-2417000manner you learn effectively and retention is somewhat long-term. Educational puzzles helps you solved this dilemma.

Most of the students have difficulty learning Mathematics and those who excel in Math are considered genius. There are only a small fraction of students w1434490079468-P-2741656ho really love to study Mathematics and it is indeed hard to understand the tricks in Mathematics since it involves numbers, analysis and solving. But, nowadays we can easily learn and study Math with the use of different educational materials.

Luckily, there’s a Mathematics magic cube which is a combination of fun and education it is quite interesting a1434490078859-P-2741656nd teaching can be realized at a time. It has many kinds of colors and cartoon images and it consists of 6 decagons. Naturally, children will be attracted to play with it. This is a tool for Mathematics Educational so that children will not be afraid to learn Mathematics instead they will eventually learn to love Math and enjoy studying with no difficulty. There will be no reason that the children fail to enjoy learning with numbers.

Conversely, playing puzzle, sharpen your thinking skills and enhanced your ability to solve problem quickly and correctly. It helps you and the children to love studying and discovery things on their own. It is also a way to learn independently and a bit encouraging. With the use of puzzles children find it very entertaining and acquiring knowledge at the same time.

There a1332982116847-P-252297re a lots of puzzle-educational which is very affordable you can choose from and start buying these things  to help you and your children or your students learn easily and at the same time having fun with them. Don’t dwell on the idea that learning is boring it could be a lot more interesting if you will associate it with stimulating gadgets. All you need to do is be very creative and proactive and teach well to children.



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Letter Request For School Facility/Equipment (Sample)






___(Office Address)_________




Good day.


To constantly integrate effective functional services herein at ____(name of school)_______ towards its clients – the students enrolled in this institution, pursuant to the Vision and Mission of the Department of Education, we are in dire need of a __(name of school facility/equipment you wish to request). The same is considered of great help if we will be provided with the above mentioned school and office equipment to effectively serve our clients conveniently and comfortably.


(For the second paragraph please provide additional reason why the said  school facility/equipment you wish to request is indeed necessary and indicate who will be the recipient and where it will be placed.)


We are hoping for the favorable approval of your good office.


Thank you very much.


Very respectfully yours,





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